Ten ways to cut Inheritance Tax liability

As a starting point, every individual is entitled to a nil rate band, under which no inheritance tax is payable. For the current tax year, the nil rate band is £325,000. Any inheritable assets over that threshold figure can attract a tax of 40%, payable to HM Revenue & Customs.

There are however a number of steps, using exemptions and allowances that you can take to minimise this tax liability. Most of these are about ensuring that the threshold is not ultimately crossed, your wishes are fulfilled and intended beneficiaries do not miss out.

  • A first step toward avoiding Inheritance Tax (IHT) could be by making a will, particularly if your partner or spouse is the intended main beneficiary. Put your affairs in order and don’t ignore the inevitability of your death!
  • Consider making early gifts in the hope and expectation that you will live for seven years after any gift is made. Gifts made more than seven years before the donor dies are free of IHT. Search for ways of helping the younger generation to benefit, for example helping with school or university tuition fees.
  • For some gifts to be IHT free, you don’t need to survive for seven years. Consider using smaller allowances such as the £3,000 per person annual allowance for gifts to anybody and the ability to give up to £5,000 to your children when they marry. This could be £5,000 from each parent to each adult child.
  • Discretionary trusts can be set up and enable assets up to the nil rate band of IHT of £325,000 per person, or £650,000 per married couple or civil partnership, to be sheltered from IHT, so long as the donor survives seven years. Unlike outright gifts, these trusts let donors retain control of the assets.
  • A habit of gifting may cut your IHT liability if you can show that such gifts are made out of income, are made on a regular basis and they do not reduce your own standard of living.
  • Consider becoming an agricultural landowner. In general, agricultural land which is let out can become IHT-free after seven years and could be IHT-free after two years if you farm it. Complex rules govern business property and agricultural land reliefs, so professional advice should always be taken.
  • If you have suffered injuries in the past during military service and this becomes a contributory factor to your death, then your estate may become IHT-free.
  • It is not possible to shelter your family home from IHT if you remain living in it, so another solution could be to spend some of the wealth in the asset before it can be taken into account for tax, for example via an equity release scheme.
  • Individual Savings Accounts (ISAs), whilst being popular ways of avoiding tax on income and gains from a wide variety of savings and investments, have no protection against IHT. Plans to minimise your IHT liability should include seeking to reduce any ISA component.
  • If you have substantial overseas assets, choosing a tax friendly location abroad where you wish to be buried may help you avoid IHT on those overseas assets. A somewhat drastic step to take, but where you intend to be buried can be deemed to be where you are domiciled and if domiciled overseas, only your assets based in the UK are subject to inheritance tax.

The information above has been prepared solely for the purpose of providing a basic introduction to IHT planning. When making an investment decision, you should always seek the advice of a professional adviser.

Let’s start a conversation 

    Subscribe me for updates and news from In Accountancy

    Related articles

    tax on interest income
    Limited Companies

    Maximise Your Tax-Free Savings Interest Income: UK Guide for 2024

    Over the last year UK savers have finally been in a position to earn some interest on their savings, but how is interest income taxed, and how can you maximise the tax free element of what you receive? 🤔
    If you meet certain criteria or have flexibility in how you structure your income, then you can potentially enjoy up to £18,570 of your income completely tax-free!! 🥳

    Read More »
    time to pay arrangement
    Limited Companies

    Time to Pay Arrangements: A Lifeline for Owner-Managed Businesses

    Are You Struggling to Meet Your Tax Obligations?

    More than 30,000 UK businesses were involved in some kind of insolvency action in 2023, which was an increase of more than 50% compared with 2021 according to an article in the Guardian earlier this year.

    And the economic outlook would suggest that despite the fact that we are no longer in recession, 2024 and 2025 will be a challenging year for UK small business.

    With this in mind we have prepared the following guide and associated video to help you understand what your options are with regards to agreeing what is known as a ‘Time to Pay’ arrangement with HMRC.

    Read More »

    Find out how we can help?

    Lectus scelerisque a donec tincidunt litora per eleifend eget ut sagittis conubia pharetra scelerisque dui ultricies duis parturient auctor adipiscing.


    Let’s start a conversation 

      Subscribe me for updates and news from In Accountancy